Resultados de traducción
MATERIALS Y METHODS
Bibliographic Review: We collected the information that articles gave us about complementary feeding, then we went on to review these articles carefully to obtain the most relevant information.
The WHO and 10 other expert organizations have scientifically proven that you should not give breast milk or, failing that, formula to a baby until around 6 months exclusively, what does this mean? No supplements, no water, no “bites” of food, etc. Why? Because their hepatic immaturity cannot handle any food other than milk, at the renal level they would not support the hydric and solute overload, at the gastrointestinal level there are macronutrients that are unable to digest due to lack of enzymes complicating the growth and maintenance of some tissues and their functions and because the food with which they usually start before 6 months (juices and soups) will always be less caloric than milk, negatively affecting their growth due to incomplete caloric gain, they will not grow as it is because they don’t get the calories they need!
Complementary foods should not be introduced before 17 weeks, but all infants should start complementary foods by 26 weeks. It is important to ensure that complementary foods provide adequate energy density (minimum 25% fat), and that the diet includes good sources of iron, zinc, folic acid, fat, and protein. In populations at risk of allergies they should be introduced even earlier than those without risk.
Araceli Meneses-Corona (2016) Complementary Feeding, 62 World Health Organization. (2015). World Health Organization.